A Technological Framework for ICT Implementation in Teaching-Learning Process



A Technological Framework for ICT Implementation in Teaching-Learning Process


Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has penetrated into all walks of life and education sector is no exception. Many studies reveal that ICT is an extremely powerful tool that could bring about tremendous changes in the education process. Innovation has become mandatory to sustain in the global competitive environment. ICT plays an important role in reaching various goals. Its ability to transcend time and space allows learning to take place 24 hours a day, 7 days a week eliminating geographical barriers. Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is foreseen as a tool to overcome various challenges in education. Many education institutions have taken a keen initiative towards the usage of ICT based teaching-learning systems so as to enhance efficiency. In this context, LMS has been identified as the most accepted ICT-based tool in the present education system. Through review of literature, it is evident that LMS is widely implemented in education sector. However, it is identified that various essential parameters that could enhance the performance are not adequately addressed in the present ICT-based LMS systems. The primitive and essential features of ICT- based LMS were identified. A detailed analysis on applicability of the identified features was done from the perspective of three major stakeholders namely students, teachers and technical experts. The inference of this analysis revealed that current LMS systems address only 25% of interoperability issues, followed by 21% accessibility and 19% of adaptability. This analysis further revealed that reusability accounts for 11% and affordability for 8% only. Hence, it is evident that the essential parameters are not completely addressed in the present LMS system. A comparative study of various existing LMS systems pertaining to various parameters identified was performed. A technological hybrid LMS framework was developed at macro and micro level to address the various LMS challenges identified like interoperability, accessibility, durability, adaptability and affordability so as to improve the system. Finally, a SCORM (Sharable Content Object Reference Model) enabled hybrid LMS framework was developed as the outcome of the research. This framework would enhance the overall performance and provide complete ICT based solutions for educational institutions.


Antony Boby


Computer Science




Antony Boby, “A Technological Framework for ICT Implementation in Teaching-Learning Process,” CHRIST (Deemed To Be University) Institutional Repository, accessed December 8, 2023, http://archives.christuniversity.in/items/show/996.

Output Formats